Understanding Medical Marijuana: THC vs. CBD
Understanding the difference between THC and CBD, along with the medical benefits of each separately and together, can vastly improve treatment strategies for medical marijuana patients.
Ohio residents who are currently living with any of the 25 conditions that qualify for treatment with medical marijuana can get an Ohio marijuana card and shop at licensed cannabis dispensaries for effective natural relief from their symptoms.
Finding the course of medical cannabis treatment that works for you can take a bit of experimentation, but our doctors and patient support representatives are here to help! In addition to being here six days a week to answer all your questions, our website and blog are top resources for medical marijuana patients in Ohio looking to educate themselves on the health benefits of using cannabis.
What You’ll Learn Here:
THC refers to one of the many cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. While there are many cannabinoids in cannabis, THC has the longest (and most controversial) history when it comes to public understanding.
THC is the cannabinoid that landed cannabis on the Federal Controlled Substances list, and its psychoactive properties were exaggerated in the 1930s to scare the public into thinking marijuana would cause Reefer Madness.
While it is true that THC can cause intoxication, it will not cause users to lose their entire sense of reality. On the contrary, some studies have shown that cannabis containing THC may improve symptoms of psychosis in some patients being treated for mental illness.
Medical marijuana patients enjoy using THC for its powerful antiemetic, analgesic, antispasmodic and potential sleep-enhancing properties. THC is popular in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and other neurological diseases, nausea, PTSD, anxiety, and chronic pain.
Common uses for THC:
Euphoria and relaxation
Ohio medical marijuana dispensaries carry a wide range of products that have high concentrations of THC.
Higher THC Marijuana Flower
Ancient Roots - NYC Chem (27%)
Buckeye Relief - Kings Moustache (32%)
Higher THC Edibles
Butterfly Effect - Infusion Powder (27.5mg THC/serving)
The Botanist Gummies - Assorted Flavors (44mg THC/serving)
Higher THC Extracts
Buckeye Relief - Oro Blanco Diamonds n Sauce (1050mg THC)
Buckeye Relief - Sour Blue Diesel Badder (1050mg THC)
Higher THC Vape Products
Superflux - Gelato CreamZicleZ Live Resin Oil (586.5mg THC)
Cresco Labs - Mac1 Live Resin Oil (590mg THC)
Cannabidiol, commonly referred to as CBD, has only come onto the scene as a popular component of cannabis since the 2018 Farm Bill legalized the commercial production of hemp and its derivatives. CBD is most abundant in hemp, which is differentiated from marijuana for its lack of THC.
CBD has exploded in popularity over the last few years mainly because users can still get many of the health benefits of cannabis without worry of breaking the law or becoming intoxicated. The medical benefits of CBD are less researched than those of THC, but it understood that CBD has its own unique healing properties.
It has become one of the most recognized natural treatments for epileptic seizures, and parents have found hope in treating childhood epilepsy naturally and effectively with a regimen of CBD.
Some benefits of CBD include pain and inflammation relief, antipsychotic effects, reduction of anxiety, aid to fight cancer growth, relieving nausea, treating seizures and other neurological disorders, lowering incidence of diabetes, and promoting cardiovascular health.
Common uses for CBD:
While you can find CBD oils and edibles at any local store including Circle K and Drug Mart, these products are not regulated. When you get CBD products at an Ohio cannabis dispensary, you can be rest assured that they have been tested for purity and potency for the intended effects.
CBD Dominant Flower
Firelands Scientific - Shark Shock (9%)
CBD Dominant Edibles
Camino - Sparkling Pear CBD Gummies (6mg CBD/serving)
The Botanist - Peach Nectarine CBD Gummies (25mg CBD/serving)
High CBD Vape Products
Rythm - Citral Glue (16mg CBD)
Firelands Scientific - Shark Shock (195mg CBD)
High CBD Tinctures
The Botanist - Clarity Tincture (11mg CBD/serving)
Research indicates that CBD may be useful in treating a variety of medical conditions, including:
Schizophrenia – Reduce psychotic symptoms
Seizures -- Reduce the number of seizures and can calm painful symptoms
Social anxiety disorder – Lower anxiety
Depression – Reduce depressive symptoms
Side effects of cancer treatment – Decrease pain and nausea while stimulating appetite
THC is nearly equal in its effectiveness. Some of the medical conditions that benefit from THC use include:
Chronic Pain - Reduce inflammation, nerve pain, and muscle spasms
Side effects of chemotherapy – Reduce nausea and vomiting while increasing appetite
Multiple sclerosis – Improve spasticity and bladder function while reducing painful spasms and central pain
Glaucoma – Reduce pressure inside the eye
AIDS – Alleviate symptoms by stimulating appetite and eating
Spinal injury – Lessen tremors
CBD and THC both work with the endocannabinoid system, the body's internal network of neurotransmitters and neuroreceptors that help restore homeostasis and bring balance back when internal or external changes happen.
CBD and THC are not the only cannabinoids that interact with the endocannabinoid system. Others include CBN, CBG and CBC. Getting the full spectrum of cannabinoids (or even just CBD and THC) can activate the entourage effect. This refers to the combined effects of these cannabinoids work together to create even more powerful healing benefits.
CBD Can Help Reduce Intoxication from THC
One thing that makes combining CBD and THC so appealing to medical marijuana patients is the fact that CBD can help reduce the intoxicating effects of THC. When you combine the two, the healing properties are more powerful, and you might not get quite as "high" as you would from only taking THC.
Research indicates even large doses of CBD are well tolerated and safe. There have been some reports of dry mouth, light-headedness, and drowsiness. A recent research review examining the safety and side effects of CBD concluded that CBD appeared to be safe in humans and animals. Even chronic use of CBD by humans showed to cause no adverse neurological, psychiatric, or clinical effects.
Side Effects of CBD
Increased or reduced appetite
*May cause blood thinners to be more effective. Talk to your doctor to ensure you properly regulate your dose if you decide to use CBD while taking blood thinners.
Side Effects of THC
While there is a risk of some negative side effects from THC, according to the National Cancer Institute it is not possible to have a fatal overdose. The psychoactive properties of THC, however, can cause temporary side effects:
Lowered reaction time
Increased heart rate
The legality of cannabinoid products in the United States is dependent on their concentration and source.
CBD is legally available in the United States, but it must be derived from imported high-CBD, low-THC hemp. CBD itself it not listed under the Controlled Substances Act, so it is legal in all 50 states, provided the CBD is not extracted from marijuana. If derived from marijuana, CBD is illegal unless obtained through a state-regulated medical marijuana program, or in a state that permits recreational marijuana use.
Marijuana and THC are both specifically listed in the U.S. Controlled Substances Act and therefore prohibited under federal law. 36 U.S. states and Washington D.C. have passed their own cannabis policies permitting the use of medical marijuana with high levels of THC, provided it’s recommended by a licensed physician.
Medical marijuana containing higher concentrations of THC is legal in Ohio. Dispensaries across the state offer products with THC and CBD in isolated forms, as well as different ratios between the two cannabinoids.
You might be able to buy CBD just about anywhere in Ohio, but what you're getting is not monitored for quality or safety by any regulatory authority. Many CBD brands sold on shelves at gas stations and drug stores are labeled inaccurately, aren't extracted from quality hemp, and may even contain dangerous toxins like pesticide and extraction residue.
Absolutely! However, before you can visit a dispensary and purchase any THC or CBD products, you need to receive your medical marijuana card in Ohio. If you're interested in learning more about THC or CBD, and how they benefit you, give us a call at 866-457-5559, and our patient support representatives can answer all your questions.
If you're ready to dive into the world of medical cannabis, set up an appointment online to see one of our medical marijuana doctors and get access to safe, effective products containing both THC and CBD!