What Kind Of Marijuana Is Available In Ohio?
When people refer to cannabis, they traditionally think of the marijuana flower, or buds, as being the sole form of ingestion. In the past, smoking marijuana was the preferred delivery method for most cannabis users. However, Ohio’s medical marijuana laws (Ohio HB 523) state that the flower form, as well as the concentrated oils, cannot be smoked and rather must be vaporized.
Thankfully, as scientists around the world begin to further study medical marijuana and its active compounds, THC and CBD, they have gathered a more intimate understanding of the cannabis plant. As such, new and exciting advancements in technology, products and delivery methods have developed.
Qualified medical marijuana patients in the state of Ohio have access to a variety of these different THC and CBD products, as well as the traditional dry herb, or cannabis flower. Below is a breakdown of each of the administration methods for consuming medical marijuana including flower, concentrated oils, edibles and consumables, tinctures, and topical options.
Can I Buy Marijuana Flower or Buds in Ohio?
The first form of product that most patients will be familiar with is the flower from the cannabis plant. In its flower form, the Tier-1 flower will have a THC content of up to 23%, while Tier-2 flower can range from 23% THC content up to 35%. Flower in Ohio is sold in what is being called the "Ohio Tenth," or 2.83 gram units. The cost of an Ohio Tenth has ranged anywhere from $18-$60 depending on the strain's tier and the dispensary it is being sold at. New, larger quantities are becoming available in the form of 5.66 gram (0.2 oz) packages, 8.49 gram (0.3 oz) packages, 11.32 grams (0.4 oz), 14.15 gram (0.5 oz), as well as one ounce (28.35 grams) quantities.
It is important to note that the flower form, as well as the concentrated oils, cannot be smoked and rather must be vaporized.
What Does It Mean To Vape Marijuana in Ohio?
As previously stated, smoking marijuana is strictly prohibited under Ohio’s medical marijuana law. However, buds will still be available to purchase for vaporizing at all dispensary locations across the state of Ohio. Though many patients may be disappointed to learn this, vaporizers are actually known to offer several health benefits over inhaling marijuana smoke.
While the marijuana plant is an incredible medicine, the act of burning it is less than desirable as any type of smoke contains gases and particulates that can create lung irritation and respiratory problems. And in relation to the odor, vaporizers typically have very minimal smell compared to the pronounced odor of marijuana smoke.
In essence, a vaporizer is a device that has a built-in heating component that cooks the THC and CBD off of the flower or oil without combusting plant material.
A helpful analogy is to think of a vaporizer like an oven: the heating component in the vaporizer acts as the oven and bakes the medicine, creating a vapor (rather than smoke) that is then inhaled. So, instead of breathing in burnt plant matter and the additional harmful byproducts of smoke, you will be ingesting only the medicine (cannabinoids & terpenes) that you need to feel instant relief!
What Is Concentrated Cannabis Oil And How Do I Use It In Ohio?
Oil is a highly concentrated THC product — often more than 2 times stronger than flower forms (70% THC per dose in comparison to the max limit in Ohio of 35% THC from flower). Oils and wax often look like honey or amber, with a sticky, glass-like consistency.
Oils are loaded into the vaporizer chamber and heated, in a method sometimes referred to as “dabbing.” Some vaporizers have the ability to vaporize both flower and concentrated oils. However there are some devices that are specifically used for flower or for oils.
Oils can also be packaged in supplemental pill form, ingested like one would take any pill. These capsules will be filled with either THC, CBD, or a combination. Supplemental capsules were the most recent cannabis product to reach Ohio's market.
Currently, Ohio dispensaries have 590 mg (THC) oil syringes that are designed for vaporization only. The oil currently available is fully activated, made using only cannabis-derived terpenes, and comes in indica and sativa options in 1 ml syringes.
Additionally, concentrated wax products are available in Ohio dispensaries. These products range in consistency from CO2 extracted budder, crumble, terp sauce, and live resin, to fresh frozen live resin, to solventless extracts such as Bubble Hash Live Rosin.
Further, concentrated cannabis cartridges are available in Ohio's dispensaries! These are, essentially, an all-in-one vaporizer product that allows you to take draws from a battery that is included with the cartridge. Cartridges have exploded in popularity in recent years due to the potency of the product in addition to the convenience and discreteness of use.
Oils and waxes can be used through a vaporizer if it has concentrate oil capabilities, or you can also use an "oil rig" and vaporize the oil on a titanium or quartz nail. If the idea of a rig seems foreign and unappealing, there are devices known as the "Puffco Peak" that is a vaporizer designed specifically for concentrates - a much easier dabbing process for those that are less familiar with this form of cannabis.
To learn more about concentrated cannabis products, click here.
Are Marijuana Edibles Available In Ohio?
Ohio dispensaries will also have available a few different forms of consumables infused with THC or CBD. Edible products in Ohio are generally packaged in 110 mg potencies. Grow Ohio was the first Ohio processor to introduce edible gummies, which were the sole form of edibles for a couple of months.
Since then, there have been a number of products that have made their way to market: Buckeye Relief has introduced milk & dark chocolate edibles, Wellspring Fields has introduced soft caramels and peppermints, and One Orijin has introduced edible oils.
It is important to note that edible products can take up to an hour, or sometimes longer, for the effects to become apparent. Most consumable products can last for up to 4-6 hours, and can be quite strong or overwhelming if you are new to higher THC concentrations, so make sure that you portion your edibles out accordingly!
Furthermore, when an edible form of THC is consumed, the traditional chemical makeup of THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is turned into 11-hydroxy-THC. This can render the edible up to 4 times stronger than traditional forms of medical marijuana consumption, so be sure to start small and slow with dosing.
Are Tinctures Available in Ohio?
Tinctures contain a more concentrated form of THC or CBD and are often made by infusing those compounds with a high-grade alcohol, however Ohio processors like Grow Ohio have opted for a CO2 extraction method for their tinctures in Ohio. Tinctures are most often packaged in an eyedropper. Like with any liquid medication, tinctures are used for oral ingestion. The drops can be placed under the tongue sublingually or directly into the mouth. Patients can also use this method to infuse their food with THC, CBD or both compounds.
This method is often used for those suffering from debilitating seizures, as side effects are minimal or mild. Tinctures are faster acting than most edibles, making it an ideal delivery method for those who don’t want to wait for their relief.
Tinctures are an ideal option for patients seeking long-term relief while allowing more control over dosage. While edibles will likely provide longer and more significant relief, many patients find it difficult to identify a consistent dose. Tinctures are a perfect alternative in these situations as the dropper will allow you to consistently monitor and control your dose down to the milligram.
Formulated as a full-spectrum, hybrid blend for consistent patient experience
Raw, natural, full-spectrum CO2 extracted cannabis oil for maximum medical effects
Quick absorption rate and easy to dispense method allows the user to get the exact dose desired every time
Nano-elmusified cannabinoids for faster, more complete and reliable absorption with increased bio-availability
What Is Topical Marijuana in Ohio?
In addition to both the vaporizable products and edible products, Ohio has also approved THC and CBD-infused patches, lotions, creams, and ointments for topical administration. Topical treatments are often used to ease specific areas of the body. Cancer patients, for example, can use topical creams on their hands or feet to reduce the tingling sensation derived from chemotherapy treatments.
These delivery methods are absorbed through the skin, allowing patients to apply THC or CBD products directly to an affected area. Patients usually begin to feel relief with topicals within roughly an hour of application.
The first topical product to become available in Ohio's medical marijuana program was a partnership with Standard Wellness and Manna to produce formulated transdermal patches. The patches are designed to be placed on the body, with cannabinoids absorbing through the skin and into the bloodstream to spread across the body, providing roughly 12 hours of relief.
Most recently, Standard Wellness and Wellspring Fields have both introduced topical salves that can be used just like lotion.
How Can An Ohio Medical Marijuana Card Help You?
With all of these different forms available for medical marijuana patients, there should be no trouble finding the most effective product and delivery method that is going to work best with your preferences, conditions and lifestyle. Be sure to call Ohio Marijuana Card toll free at 1-866-457-5559 and schedule an appointment with one of our licensed medical marijuana doctors. Our staff will walk you through the various delivery methods if you're unsure which one is right for you. We will also provide an action plan that will result in effective treatment of your medical condition.